Natural Diabetes Herbs
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder of the endocrine system. Metabolism is the process to make energy from the food you eat. A metabolic disorder develops when there is any defect in this process. When this disorder develops, you might have an excess of some substances or shortage of others that you need to stay healthy. The metabolic disorder develops when the liver or pancreas becomes diseased or does not function normally; Diabetes is an example.
Herbal treatment for diabetes
Synthetic oral anti-diabetic agents exert their effects by various mechanisms. These chemical agents have certain drawbacks, such as develop resistance to long-term treatment, adverse effects and lack of action in a large segment of diabetes patients.
Approximately, 44% of diabetes patients develop resistance to sulfonylureas treatment within six years. Additionally, these oral agents have an association with adverse effects such as bloating, flatulence, diarrhea and abdominal discomfort.
Some anti-diabetic agents can cause toxic effects; thiazolidinedione may cause liver toxicity, and sulfonylureas may worsen heart disease, cause hypoglycemia and increase the body weight gain.
Alternatively, various plants provide hypoglycemic property and widely used in traditional systems to prevent or treat diabetes. These plants help delay diabetic complications and even corrects the metabolic abnormalities.
The National Health Interview Survey found that 22 percent of people with diabetes used some herbal therapy.
Herbal diabetes products have been popular all over the world. Certain herbs provide symptomatic relief and prevent diabetes complications. Some herbs can even help in the regeneration of beta cells and overcome resistance.
Some herbs exhibit antioxidant activity and cholesterol-lowering property in addition to the blood-glucose normalizing effect.
12 Diabetes Herbs to Control Blood Sugar
As per ancient literature, there are more than 800 plants having anti-diabetic properties. The literature indicates diabetes exists since prehistoric age.
1. Bitter Melon - possesses anti-diabetic properties. It mimics insulin, increases glucose uptake, improves glucose tolerance and decreases hepatic glucose production. Additionally, bitter gourd has an antihyperlipidemic effect. To learn more, visit Better Melon.
2. Aloe Vera - has appeared to exhibit anti-diabetic action. Additionally, it enhances glucose metabolism, thus results in blood glucose lowering effect. To learn more, visit Aloe Vera.
3. Cinnamon - has anti-diabetic effect by mimicking insulin. It improves insulin-mediated glucose metabolism and enhances insulin signaling. Additionally, it lowers cholesterol level, particularly LDL cholesterol. To learn more, visit Cinnamon.
4. Fenugreek - slows down the glucose absorption and other simple carbohydrates. It appears to possess anti-diabetic effect. To learn more, visit Fenugreek.
5. Ivy’s gourd - has anti-diabetic effect by mimicking insulin in diabetic patients. The herbal Ivy gourd possesses anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant properties, which protects against plague formation and thus, to some extent it may prevent heart diseases and strokes. To learn more, visit Ivy’s gourd.
6. Salacia Oblonga - binds with intestinal enzyme alpha-glycosidase that break down carbohydrates into glucose in the body. Thus, lesser glucose gets into the bloodstream, results in the anti-diabetic effect. To learn more, visit Salacia Oblonga.
7. Ginseng - has anti-diabetic property, which mimics insulin and alters hepatic glucose metabolism. It increases insulin production and reduces cell death in pancreatic beta cells. To learn more, visit Ginseng.
8. Gymnema Sylvestre - is nicknamed as the sugar destroyer, which increases insulin production by regeneration of the pancreas cells. It improves glucose uptake by the cells by increasing the activity of the glucose utilizing enzymes and stops adrenaline from stimulating the liver to dump extra glucose. To learn more, visit Gymnema.
9. Eugenia jambolana (Jamun) – it is called Indian Blackberry a viable herb for treating diabetes. The leaves, berries, and seeds of this plant help in lowering the glucose level in blood. Powder the dried seeds or leaves of the plant and swallow it with water twice a day.
10. Mangifera indica (Mango) - The leaves of this plant possessed hypoglycemic activity and used as an antidiabetic agent in Nigerian folk medicine. It may be due to an intestinal reduction of the absorption of glucose.
11. Ocimum sanctum (holy basil) - It is commonly known as Tulsi. The aqueous extract of leaves of Ocimum sanctum showed the significant reduction in blood sugar level. Tulsi possesses hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effect, significantly reduce in fasting blood glucose, uronic acid, total amino acid, total cholesterol, triglyceride and total lipid.
12. Aegle Marmelos (Bilva, Bael) - It leaves improve digestion and reduces blood sugar and urea, serum cholesterol. It also prevents peak rise in blood sugar at 1h in oral glucose tolerance test.