Diabetes Risk Factors

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Diabetes risk factor is a characteristic condition or behavior that increases the chances to develop diabetes.

Diabetes risk factors

Certain factor that increases the chances of developing diabetes is called diabetes risk factors. Now let us explore, what are the risk factors of diabetes and how do we prevent it.

Diabetes Risk factors

Risk factors of Diabetes

  • Genetic or Hereditary risk factor – studies show if mother has diabetes, there is some risk towards diabetes, if the father has it, there is comparatively increased risk and if both parents have diabetes, then chance is even more.
  • No or low physical activity – will stop full utilization of the sugar or glucose from carbohydrate food consumption. This raises the blood glucose-level forcing the pancreas to release excess insulin leading to too much of glycogen and fat storage. In due course, pancreas loses its ability to balance this increased insulin requirement end-up with diabetes.
  • Improper food habits – such as eating foods high in carbohydrate leads to blood-glucose rise. Pancreas work hard to lower it by increasing the insulin secretion. After some time, maybe months to years the pancreas unable to keep up this increased insulin secretion leads to diabetes.
  • Obesity or overweight – may indicate too much fat storage than the requirement during starvation. Mostly, this huge storage takes time by prolong surplus consumption of carbohydrate food. Various studies confirm excess of fat storage might be the risk factor for insulin resistance.
  • Chronic traffic-related pollution exposure - may contribute to the development of diabetes; a clinical study shows. This is even prevails among individuals with a healthy lifestyle, nonsmokers, and physically active.
  • Stress has shown to have major effects on metabolic activity by causing the release of various hormones. Importantly, it elevates the blood-glucose level to fulfill fight or flight response. Thus, chronic stress can lead to diabetes.  Reference - Diabetes Care October 1992 vol. 15 10 1413-1422.
  • Sleep deprivation is associated with an adverse impact on glucose homeostasis. Insulin sensitivity decreases rapidly and markedly without adequate compensation in beta cell function, resulting in an elevated risk of diabetes. Additionally, sleep deprivation is associating with a disturbed regulation of the neuroendocrine control of appetite. Insufficient energy and increased appetite forces to eat in excess causing obesity and finally diabetes. Reference - PubMed PMID: 18591489.
  • Age over 40 to 45 years – our body organs start losing its normal functioning, including pancreas. Thus, aging makes it difficult to support increasing insulin requirement and the risk toward diabetes.
  • Gestational diabetes during pregnancy – indicates an increased risk towards diabetes for both mother and the child. It is due to both genetic factor and body’s inability.
  • Previously diagnosed as pre-diabetes – are at increased risk for diabetes. Pre-diabetes has a high blood-glucose level higher than normal but not high enough to diagnose diabetes. You can reverse pre-diabetes by adapting to diabetes lifestyle changes, otherwise end-up with diabetes in few months or years.
  • Ethnic – is also playing an important role in diabetes development. Certain country, region, community, hereditary, food habits, climate and lifestyle have increased risk towards diabetes than others.

Does diabetes affect only adults (over middle age)?

Diabetes prevalence is rising dramatically all over the world for last two decades, including among children and teenagers. Screening for diabetes is not only important for the middle-aged people, but it is also essential for children and adolescents who are at more risk towards diabetes. You and your family checked blood-glucose levels recently, if not do it immediately?

A study show, lifestyle changes may mitigate genetic effects among diabetics: Chennai (Tamilnadu, India) based researchers, part of an international study on the gene-environment interplay in diabetes has exciting data that suggests that lifestyle modifications can override the effect of genes in an Indian population.

Even though genetics is blamed for the diabetes epidemic, most probably it is due to children learn habits of eating an unhealthy diet, not exercising from their diabetic parents. This increases the risk towards diabetes, which has been falsely considered being due to genetic.

Click the link, if you are looking for specific type 2 diabetes risk factor or type 1 diabetes risk factor.

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