Diabetic gastroparesis is a disorder of the stomach that takes too long to empty its contents. The cause may be by vagus nerve damage; this may be due to diabetes (with high blood-glucose level).
Gastroparesis, otherwise called as delayed gastric emptying, literally it means “stomach paralysis.” Gastroparesis is a disorder of the stomach that takes too long to empty its contents.
It normally has a strong muscular contraction in a peristaltic wave and squeezes the food down into the small intestine for further digestion. However, in gastroparesis, the muscles in the stomach contracts poorly or does not contract at all, preventing stomach from emptying its content as expected. It develops into digestion problems, causing nausea and vomiting, and plays havoc with blood sugar levels and nutrition.
Vagus nerve in the stomach stimulates stomach muscles to move food through the digestive tract. Gastroparesis is due to vagus nerve damage and thus muscles of the stomach and intestines do not work normally or does not work at all. Food then moves slowly or stops moving through the digestive tract. This vagus nerve damage may be due to long-term and high level of blood-glucose level in blood (badly controlled diabetes).