Gestational Diabetes Treatment

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You can manage your gestational diabetes easily by simple meals plan, physically active and drug or insulin treatment.

Gestational diabetes treatment

Gestational diabetes treatment
  • Meals - limit sweets, eat three small meals and 1 to 3 snacks per day, maintain your meal’s time and include fibers in your meals in the form of fruits, vegetables, and whole-grains.
  • Physical activity - walking and swimming, can help you reach your blood-glucose targets.
  • Insulin - some with gestational diabetes need insulin to reach their blood-glucose targets. Insulin is not harmful to your baby, but controlled blood glucose is beneficial to your baby.

Learn to check your blood-glucose level

Your health care team may ask you to use a blood-glucose meter to check your levels on your own. You have to learn:

  • how to use the meter
  • how to prick your finger to obtain a drop of blood
  • what your target range is

Your health care team may ask you to check your blood glucose.

  • when you wake up
  • just before meals
  • 1 or 2 hours after your food (break fast, lunch & dinner)

Blood glucose targets for gestational diabetes

  • On awakening - not above 95
  • one hour after meals - not above 140
  • two hours after meals - not above 120

Each time you check your blood glucose, record the results properly, and take it with you when you visit your health care team. If your results are often out of range, they will suggest ways to reach the targets.

Gestational diabetes A1C goal

Keeping your A1C less than 6 if you are pregnant will help ensure a healthy baby. If possible, women should plan early and work to get their A1C below six before getting pregnant.

Ketones Test

Test for ketones in your morning urine. High levels of ketones are a sign that your body is using your body fat for energy instead of the food you eat. Using fat for energy is not recommended and harmful. Ketones may be unhealthy to your baby too.

Is it ok to do exercise during Gestational Diabetes?

Moderate physical activity is always emphasizing for any healthy pregnancy. In the case of gestational diabetes, it additionally helps their body for better utilization of the insulin thus helps control blood-glucose level.

The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology recommends a moderate exercise for 30 minutes per day at least for 5 days of a week, unless one has a medical or pregnancy complication.

Consult your doctor regarding right exercise for you. Easy and effective exercises are swimming, walking, indoor stationary cycling, and simple aerobics.

Gestational diabetes exercise benefits

Exercise during gestational diabetes produces various benefits; they are:

  • Help effective blood-glucose management.
  • Make your body more flexible, thus relieving from body aches, stomach bloating, and swelling of feet.
  • Helps maintaining required body weight.
  • You start feeling better, look-better, and energetic.
  • Start getting restful sleep.
  • It prepares your body for safer delivery.

If you are having other medical conditions such as asthma, or heart disease may not be advisable to do exercising. Additionally, if you are having pregnancy-related conditions such as low placenta, bleeding, recurrent miscarriage, premature birth history, or weak cervix, it may be harmful to do exercising. If you are having any of these conditions, then do not do exercise or consult your doctor.

Prefer insulin over oral medications during pregnancy

Most of the diabetes oral medications can cross the placenta and may affect your baby. They can make the fetus to secrete excess insulin and leads to severe hypoglycemia (low blood glucose). Additionally, the oral drugs are not effective enough to fulfill the rising insulin requirements of pregnancy. However, insulin does not cross the placenta but can be able to meet the excess insulin requirement during pregnancy.

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