How to Design Best Diabetes Diet?
Your body may not adopt even best healthy food, because each body digested differently and your interest varies.
Design Best Diabetes Food
Whatever the diabetes diet suggested, even the best one may not be adapted by your body. Because each body is different, the digestion process may vary and the food that interests you varies. Thus, it is must individualize once a diabetes diet with some trial (try different foods), testing (measuring blood-glucose level), recording (make a log), analyzing (processing the data), and finalizing a suitable one.
Test diabetes diet
Testing is the most important tools in gaining control of the blood-glucose numbers. Mostly, many medical professionals suggest fewer numbers of testing per day. Nevertheless, many well-controlled diabetics have been testing many times until mastering the diets that and blood-glucose relations. Knowledge is power, so it is advisable to follow those who made it already.
Doctors may suggest different testing times for their required information, but testing blood-glucose before & after 1 or 2 hours of the meal is the information needed for the individualizing diabetic diet.
After meal testing time of 1 or 2 hours, the exact requirement is to get the blood-glucose peak (the highest blood-glucose number after a meal). This too can vary from person to person because each ones digestion and absorption power can vary. So, you have to find, what is your peak blood-glucose time? That is the time after your first bite of food. Once you find your peak time then stick at that time for testing, until finalizing your diet.
Now you may think it is a costly process require many test strips, yes you are correct it needs many testing strips to finalize your diet plan. However, once you mastered your diet and blood-glucose levels then if save you many dollars by avoiding your complications, and it helps, you to keep yourself healthy compared to other diabetics.
Regarding the blood-glucose target numbers, As per American Diabetes Association (ADA) the target goal is as below:
- Fasting blood-glucose level: 90 – 130
- Postprandial blood-glucose level: Less than 180
Non-diabetic has the following reading.
- Fasting blood-glucose level: 70 – 100
- Postprandial blood-glucose level: 70 – 140
PP - Postprandial glucose measurements should take every 1–2 hours after the beginning of the meal, preferably peak levels in patients with diabetes.
Analyze diabetes diet
Now has all the information needed to individualize the diet, such as.
- Before the meal blood-glucose level
- After the meal glucose levels,
- What are the diets you had
- What is the percentage of fat, protein, carbohydrate (if possible detail of simple & complex carbohydrates and the fiber content)
- Level of physical activity
It is time to record all the above information in a diabetes log that helps to finalize and mastered this art. From the data available, it is easy to relate the carbohydrate intake the respective blood-glucose rise. That is by subtracting the peak glucose level minus blood-glucose level before a meal. If this number is too high, reduce the amount of carbohydrates in the diet can help to reach the target glucose level.
Finalize diabetes diet
Once you start collecting these data, it is impossible to meet target values do not get frustrates on seeing this. This is a long-term dietary and physical activity change it is good idea when you first start out to keep a diabetes log.
Analyze the diabetes log by yourself or with your dietician and finalize your diabetes diet. Once you mastered this art then frequent blood tests are not required and just follow the testing time suggested by your doctor.