Sometimes kidney damages to an extent that they no longer work. If kidney fails, then need to replace their function to clean the blood by filter out wastes.
Treatment for Kidney disease
If kidney failure, needs to either replace their function by dialysis or replace it with a new kidney (kidney transplant). Because of better blood-glucose control and good rates of survival following treatment, doctors start recommending dialysis and kidney transplantation to people with diabetes.
Dialysis is an artificial way of cleaning the blood with an artificial kidney. There are two types of dialysis hemodialysis, and peritoneal dialysis.
Hemodialysis - You need a surgery to make a way to bring the blood from the body and sent back after cleaning. This way (path) is usually made at the forearm using patients own blood vessel or a piece of implanted tubing and cannot be seen from outside. After this surgery start dialysis only after two to three months time to help it heal. Hemodialysis must be done two to three times a week, and it will take three to five hours to complete on a dialysis session.
Peritoneal dialysis - Lining inside the abdomen called the peritoneum can be useful as blood purifying filter. A soft plastic tube is places in the abdomen by performing a surgery. Through this tube, pour the cleansing fluid called dialysate into the abdomen after the body heals. Waste products in the blood pass through the peritoneum and are mixed with dialysate. Then drain out the dialysate along with the waste. Do it some four to five times a day and it takes about 30 to 45 minutes?
Transplantation is most successful when the kidney comes from a living relative. Another option is a cadaver kidney (a kidney from an unrelated person who has just died). The success ratio is high for kidney transplant from a living relative than cadaver kidney. A good match is most important when using a kidney.
Kidney transplants are safe for a person who does not have heart or blood vessel disease. Before get a transplant, doctor will check the circulatory system to see if it is healthy enough to risk the operation.