Diabetes is the most common cause of kidney failure called nephropathy, accounting nearly 44 percent of all cases.
Diabetes nephropathy overview
Kidneys are amazing organ, which have millions of tiny blood vessels that act as filters. Their prim job is to filter out waste products from the blood. Diabetes can damage the kidneys thus it losses its ability to filter out waste produce and cause them to fail permanently.
Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure in the developed world and accounts for approximately 35% to 40% of new cases each year. Over a lifetime, about 50% of people with type 1 diabetes develop microalbuminuria.
In the kidneys, millions of tiny blood vessels with holes in them act as filters. As the blood flows through the blood vessels, small molecules (smaller-sized particle) such as waste products pass through the holes and leave as waste products through urine. Useful substances, such as protein and red blood cells, are larger molecules (larger-sized particle) could not pass through the holes in the filter, and stay’s in the blood.
Diabetes can damage this system; high levels of blood-glucose make the kidneys filter overloads with too much of blood. This extra work produces strain to the filters, in a due course they start to leak and useful protein is lost in the urine. Small amount of protein appearing in the urine is called microalbuminuria. When kidney disease is diagnosed at this stage, several treatments may help keep kidney disease from getting worse.