Type 1 diabetes | IDDM
If the body’s insulin production insufficient (or is stopped) production is called as type-1 diabetes caused by autoimmune disorder, and it needs to be treated with insulin shots.
Type-1 diabetes is also known as Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM), juvenile diabetes, because it is usually first diagnosed in children, teenagers, and young adults. Now it proves wrong, that type 1 diabetes does occur even during the adult age. It is also spelled as type-i diabetes, diabetes one and diabetes 1.
What is Type-1 diabetes (juvenile diabetes)?
Type-1 diabetes is lacked of or no insulin production. Formerly, it was known as " juvenile diabetes," because it represents a majority of the cases in children, teenagers, or young adults, but it can also affect adults.
Type 1 diabetes develops because the body immune system mistakenly destroys the beta cells within the islet tissue within the pancreas that produce insulin. The rate at which they are destroyed varies from one to another. Mostly, Infants and children develop type 1 quickly, because the beta cells destroy rapidly. On the other hand, in the case of adults the type 1 diabetes develops relatively slowly.
Type-1 diabetes is mostly caused by autoimmune disorder. Other less common (very rare) causes of Type-1 diabetes includes injury to the pancreas from toxins, trauma, or after the surgical removal of the majority (or all) of the pancreas.
Type-1 diabetes needs insulin shots to maintain the blood-glucose level, because of no insulin production by the pancreas. Insulin cannot be taking through the mouth, because insulin is a hormone (protein) that is broken down by the digestive system.
Sometimes after an initial treatment, some peoples has a period from few weeks to few months, when the pancreas is again start-producing insulin known as "honeymoon period." During this time, a person may need to take less or no insulin, depending on how much insulin he/she produces. After this honeymoon period, the person needs to take insulin for the rest of his or her life.
Video on type 1 diabetes
Our body immune system mistakenly attacks pancreas and damage’s islet of Langerhans (regions were insulin is secreted) and thus no or very low insulin secretion leads to high level of glucose in blood.
Some viruses (mumps, rubella, cytomegalovirus, measles, influenza, encephalitis, polio or Epstein-Barr virus) and the cells in the islets of Langerhans (regions were insulin is secreted) in the pancreas are of similar structure. Thus if anyone infected by the above-said viruses, then their body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the islet of Langerhans considering it as virus and damaged it permanently. As a result, insulin production is stopped leads to type-1 diabetes; it is mostly diagnosing after diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) episode.
Type 1 diabetes statistics
- Among youth ages younger than 10 years, the rate of new cases was 19.7 per 100,000 each year for type 1 diabetes.
- Among youth ages 10 years or older, the rate of new cases was 18.6 per 100,000 each year for type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes Symptoms
Learn, what are the three major type 1 diabetes symptoms? What are the common type 1 diabetes symptoms? How and why type 1 diabetes symptoms are developing. Additional symptoms specific to type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes causes and risk factors
Some genes may be behind the type 1 diabetes causes, which are triggered by autoimmune disorder or pancreas beta cells damaged by cystic fibrosis or pancreatic surgery. Type 1 diabetes risk factors – some factors can increases the chances for type 1 diabetes known as type 1 diabetes risk factors.
Type 1 diabetes diagnosis
Blood test is useful to diagnose high blood glucose level, and to diagnose type-1 diabetes needs autoantibody testing.
Type 1 diabetes Treatment
Diabetes type 1 insulin treatment is necessary to maintain a blood glucose level; furthermore, other type 1 diabetes medicines are available to improve the efficiency of type 1 diabetes treatment. Insulin alone cannot make wonders, so you need to follow a proper type 1 diabetes management with correct diet, physical activity and self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG). Similar to proper diet certain diabetes type 1 alternative medicine treatment can help improve the treatment efficiency; few alternative medicines that help the treatment are herbs, homeopathy, yoga, acupressure and reflexology.
Type 1 diabetes alternative treatment
Natural diabetes type-1 alternative treatment is not a cure, but it can help the management of type-1 diabetes. Learn how to choose correct diabetes herbs, diabetes homeopathic remedy and how to do diabetes yoga, diabetes healing acupressure, and diabetes massage reflexology.
Type 1 diabetes complications
Type 1 diabetes complications may develop, because of badly managed blood-glucose level. Some of the common type 1 diabetes complications are heart attack, stroke, blindness, kidney disease, loss of a toe (or foot), and erectile dysfunction. Following proper type 1 diabetes management can help to prevent diabetes type 1 complications.