Type 2 diabetes | NIDDM
Type 2 diabetes is a condition when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or the body cells do not able to use the insulin properly. If you are a type-2 diabetic, glucose builds up in your blood instead of using for energy.
What is type 2 diabetes?
It is the most common form of diabetes; people can develop type-2 diabetes at any age even during childhood. This form of diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not respond to the insulin properly. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by producing more insulin. In time, however, it loses the ability to secrete enough insulin in response to glucose level in blood.
Overweight and inactive lifestyle increases the chances of developing type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes formerly called as adult-onset diabetes (because previously most of the cases were adults. Now, type 2 diabetes is increasingly being diagnosed among children and adolescents), non insulin-dependent diabetes or NIDDM (do not need insulin for treatment), insulin resistance (body resistance to insulin).
People who are obese or overweight are most likely to develop insulin resistance, because many studies confirm that fat interferes with the body's ability to use insulin. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs gradually; it may take many years.
Research found type 2 diabetes is a cellular metabolism problem.
A study confirms that changes in cellular metabolism play a major role in the development of type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes type 2 is a chronic condition with high level of glucose in the blood stream. Beta cells in the pancreas continually monitor glucose level in the bloodstream. When it senses any rise in blood glucose, normally after a meal, beta cells release insulin to keep glucose levels from getting too high. However, in the case of type 2 diabetes, beta cells fail in this important function. As a result, blood-glucose levels rise, causing diabetes.
Obesity has long been considered as a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, due to a lot of fat in the system. When beta cells are exposing to high levels of fat can lead to breakdown of their glucose transport mechanism.
In a healthy individual, beta cells take enough glucose; however, in type 2 diabetics the amount of glucose transported have dropped below a certain point. Therefore, the cells do not properly sense the glucose level and thus low insulin secretion leads to high blood glucose level.
Approximately, 10 percent of type 2 diabetes has Autoantibodies!
If you are, the one diagnosed as type 2 diabetes, and later told to have, type 1 diabetes or LADA. You are not alone, a European study, published in Medscape Medical News; nearly 10 percent of patients with adult-onset diabetes were found to have associated with autoantibodies.
Many of those with autoimmune diabetes did not require insulin during diagnosis, although they are young and lean structure. About 90 percent of the patients with positive antibodies had GADA, and they require insulin very shortly. The authors advising everyone to undergo GAD antibodies test for people with type 2 diabetes who is not responding to the treatment or for thinner people who have diagnosed as having diabetes type 2.
Type 2 diabetes statistics
- Among youth ages younger than 10 years, the rate of new cases was 0.4 per 100,000 for type 2 diabetes.
- Among youth ages 10 years or older, the rate of new cases was 8.5 per 100,000 for type 2 diabetes.
- Type 2 diabetes is the most common form, affecting 90 to 95 percent of all adults who has diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes Symptoms
Learn, what are the three major type 2 diabetes symptoms? What are the common type 2 diabetes symptoms? How and why type 1 diabetes symptoms are developing.
Type 2 diabetes causes and risk factors
Type 2 diabetes causes can be due to any defect in the insulin production, insulin action or both; diabetes is a disease marked by high levels of blood glucose. Type 2 diabetes risk factors – some factors can increases the chances for diabetes known as diabetes risk factors. Why certain factors are diabetes risk? How do you overcome it?
Type 2 diabetes diagnosis
Blood test is useful to diagnose the high blood glucose level in case of type 2 diabetes diagnoses. The commonly used diagnosing test for blood glucose level is the Random plasma glucose test, Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test, and Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).
Type 2 diabetes Treatment
Diabetes type-2 treatment is necessary to maintain the blood glucose level, using a type 2 diabetes medications or insulin treatment to improve the efficiency of type 2 diabetes treatment. Diabetes medicines and insulin alone cannot make wonders, so you need to follow a suitable type 2 diabetes management with correct diet, physical activity and blood glucose monitoring. Similar to proper diet certain diabetes type 2 alternative medicine treatment can help improve the diabetes treatment; few alternative treatments are herbs, homeopathy, yoga, acupressure and reflexology.
Type 2 diabetes alternative treatment
Natural diabetes type-2 alternative treatment is not a cure for diabetes, but it can help manage type-2 diabetes better. Learn how to choose correct diabetes herbs, diabetes homeopathic remedy and how to do diabetes yoga, diabetes healing acupressure, and diabetes massage reflexology.
Type 2 diabetes complications
Type 2 diabetes complications may develop, because of badly managed blood-glucose level. Some of the common type 2 diabetes complications are heart attack, stroke, blindness, kidney disease, loss of a toe (or foot), and erectile dysfunction. Following proper type 2 diabetes management can help to prevent diabetes type 2 complications.