Hypertension Risk Factors

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Specific traits, conditions, or habits may contribute to the development of Hypertensive, called hypertension risk factors.

Hypertension risk factors

Factors that increase the chances to having hypertension have known as hypertension risk factors, classified into two; they are:

  • Changeable/modifiable hypertension risk factors – are risk factors of high blood pressure that can lower or even nullify with some consistent effort. 
  • Unchangeable/non-modifiable hypertension risk factors – are risk factors of high blood pressure that cannot lower even with maximum effort.

Changeable hypertension risk factors

With some moderate consistent effort, you can be able to reduce certain high blood pressure risk factors; they are:

  • Overweight or Obesity – an individual has considered as unhealthy excess weight, if the body mass index (BMI) is between 25 to 30 kg/m3, if the BMI is more than 30kg/m3 has considered as obese.  This increases your risk for developing high blood pressure. Therefore, health care professionals recommend losing weight until you reach a healthy body weight. Obese people are two to six times more likely to develop high blood pressure.
  • High sodium salt usage – too much of sodium salt use tends to raise your blood pressure. On the other hand, reducing sodium salt intake can help to lower your blood pressure. The packed and preserved foods contain large quantities of sodium salt, read food labels is the first step towards reducing sodium intake.
  • Alcohol use - drinking too much of alcohol tends to raise blood pressure, anything less than one to two drinks of alcohol per day is considering normal.
  • Lack of physical activity – tends to develop obesity and high blood pressure.
  • Smoking – can harden/stiffen (lose elasticity) the arteries and lead to elevated blood pressure.
  • Stress – situations make the adrenalin-gland to secrete more adrenaline hormones. In addition, long lasting stress makes the body practiced to this excess adrenaline, in due course leads to elevated blood pressure.

Unchangeable hypertension risk factors

Even with maximum consistent effort you cannot be able to reduce the below listed high blood pressure risk factors, they are:

  • Aging – greatly increases the likelihood to develop high blood pressure, especially elevated systolic readings, this is mostly due to hardening of arteries due to aging.
  • Race – certain race develops high blood pressure more often than others do. For example, African Americans can have more risk than Caucasians.
  • Family history – hereditary play an important role towards high blood pressure; it appears to run in families.
  • Gender - mostly, men have a greater chance of developing high blood pressure than women.
  • Prehypertension or gestational hypertension – those who have already diagnosed as hypertension or having had high blood pressure during pregnancy, are more likely to develop hypertension than normal individuals are.
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