Preeclampsia is generally developing after the 20th week of pregnancy with increased blood pressure and release of protein in the mother's urine (because of kidney problems). Preeclampsia can affect both the mother (affects her kidney, liver, and brain) and the placenta.
Preeclampsia or pre-eclampsia
Pre-eclampsia is a condition in which high blood pressure arises in pregnancy (i.e. pregnancy-induced high blood pressure) in association with significant amounts of protein in the urine.
Pre-eclampsia may develop from 20 weeks of gestation. It is the most common for the dangerous pregnancy complications; it may affect both the mother and the unborn child.
Eclampsia - When seizure develops during preeclampsia is considering as eclampsia, the second-leading cause of maternal death.
Preeclampsia risk factors
- Having chronic hypertension or pre-existent (hypertension before pregnancy)
- Have had hypertension or preeclampsia during their previous pregnancy
- Obesity or over weight prior to pregnancy
- Pregnancy under the age of 20 or over the age of 40
- Women who gave birth more than one baby
- Having diabetes, kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or scleroderma
There is no known single test to diagnose preeclampsia. The key diagnoses are increased blood pressure and protein in the urine. Common symptoms of preeclampsia include persistent headaches, blurred vision, light sensitivity, and abdominal pain.
All of these preeclampsia symptoms are common even in healthy pregnancies. Regular visits to doctor’s office and tracking of the blood pressure and protein level in the urine are the suggested procedures to help diagnose preeclampsia in time.
There is no proven method to prevent or avoid preeclampsia. Therefore, those who develop signs of a preeclampsia monitor closely to reduce or avoid relating complications. The one and only way to cure preeclampsia is to deliver the baby.