Diabetes Signs

Submitted by Thiruvelan on Sun, 08/19/2012
Diabetes Signs

What are 3 major diabetes signs? Three important diabetes signs are polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia. 

What are the three vital diabetes signs?

The three significant diabetes signs and symptoms are:

  • Polyuria – urge to urinate frequently and in large quantities.
  • Polydipsia – have frequent and increased thirst.
  • Polyphagia – have frequent and increased appetite.

In the case of diabetes type 1, the above symptoms develop quickly; on the other hand, it develops slower in diabetes type 2.

How are diabetes signs developing?

These 3 major diabetes signs are developed due to the effect of elevated blood glucose level in your body, that is disturbed glucose homeostasis.

  • Polyuria - If the blood-sugar level gets elevated, your kidney tries flushing out this extra glucose in your blood as urine. Thus, diabetic people urinate frequently or in large quantities.
  • Polydipsia –polyuria leads to liquid depletion called dehydration, causing dry mouth and throat. It increases the osmotic blood pressure and lowers blood volume, so kidney releases rennin-angiotensin, which stimulates the hypothalamus to signal thirst. Thus, diabetes has frequent massive thirst.
  • Polyphagia – the thirst mechanism in 40% of people, has mistakenly recognized as hunger. Also, when you feel tired, your body signals for energy as hunger. It causes you to feel hungry.

Polyuria, Polydipsia, and Polyphagia are the most vital diabetes signs; there are general diabetes symptoms common to all. Additionally, there are unique symptoms; they are diabetes symptoms in mendiabetes symptoms in women, and diabetes symptoms in children.

Diabetes without symptoms

There are about 20 to 30% of people with diabetes diagnosed without symptoms, most commonly diabetes type 2. They are symptom-less and diagnosed during routine health checkup or any other illness.  Generally, this symptom-less diabetes may continue for more than 5 to 10 years by the time; diabetes complications may start affecting various organs. Thus, if you are at increased risk of diabetes, then you need to undergo a routine blood glucose test to diagnose diabetes in time and stop diabetes complications.