Type 2 diabetic symptoms mostly go undiagnosed, because many of the symptoms seem harmless.
However, if you know the symptoms of diabetes, then it helps early diagnosis, timely treatment and to avoid diabetes complications.
Most of the symptoms of diabetes are common among all diabetes types such as diabetes type 1, diabetes type 2, pre-diabetes, gestational diabetes, etc. Still there are some specific symptoms for a specific diabetes types.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes
Below are the some common type 2 diabetes symptoms:
- Frequent urination,
- Frequent thirst,
- Lack of energy and feeling tired,
- Usual too much hungry,
- Blurred eye vision,
- Dry and itchy skin,
- Losing sense or tingling in feet,
- Sore heals slowly,
- There is unusual sudden weight loss or gain.
In type-2 diabetes, the symptoms start occurring more gradually. In some individuals, there are no symptoms at all, and so it often goes undiagnosed. Many type 2 diabetes patients unknowingly have this condition and consult doctor with symptoms of diabetes complications, such as tingling in the feet (neuropathy) or vision loss (retinopathy). That is why diabetes screening is important for people at diabetes risk factor.
Symptoms of pre-diabetes are the same, as the diabetes symptoms, most notably lesser and some do not have any symptoms. Therefore, it is advisable to have diabetes testing regularly, if you are having a high diabetes risk factor.
Interested to know, why diabetes symptoms are developing.
What is glucose homeostasis? Human homeostasis means a stable condition throughout the body. The body is carrying out various complex interactions to keep a proper healthy range. Maintaining blood glucose within the normal range is glucose homeostasis. If there is, any disturbance to this glucose homeostasis will lead to various bodily symptoms.
- Why are diabetics, pee often and in large quantities? - If the blood-sugar level get elevated and your body cells are unable to consume it. Then, these high-sugar level remains, until the kidney flush out this extra sugar in blood as urine (pee). Therefore, people with diabetes urinate frequently and/or in large quantities, urine often contains sugar, and other minerals (such as sodium, chloride, potassium, and bicarbonate).
- Why diabetics are having severe frequent Thirst? - The human body needs water to keep enough blood and other fluids. However, frequent urination leads to depletion of liquid called dehydration leads to shortage in saliva causing dry mouth and throat. Dehydration increases the osmotic blood pressure and lower blood volume. This makes the kidney to release of rennin angiotensin this stimulates the hypothalamus to signal thirst. Thus, diabetics have frequent thirst and need to drink often.
- Why Lack of Energy & Feeling Tired? - Inadequate insulin secretion or insulin resistance prevents the body to consume the available blood glucose. Additionally, kidney flushes out excess sugar and minerals (such as sodium, chloride, potassium, and bicarbonate) from the body meant for energy that gone unutilized. This lack of glucose absorption, removal of vital minerals and dehydration leads to lack of energy thus diabetic’s feel tired.
- Why diabetics are having too much hungry? - In almost 40% of people, the thirst mechanism is so weak that often mistaken for hunger. In addition, when you feel tired, your body signals for energy as hunger. This causes you feel hunger.
- Why diabetics are having blurred vision? – Those who unknowing having diabetes are often happy to note that they do not need glasses anymore to see distance objects (mostly people with myopia or Shortsightedness). This is because, increase or decrease in blood-sugar level makes the eye lens and (or) corneal tissue to swell or shrink respectively, results in varying vision. Others may find their vision turns blur; with respect to how high the blood-sugar level is. With proper treatment if the blood-sugar level returns to normal, blurred vision (or sometime clear vision) disappears.
- Why diabetics are having dry and itchy skin? - Dehydration and inadequate supply of nutrients to the skin makes it, lose its lust and shine. Furthermore, the dehydrated skin result is dull, flaky, rough, and dry skin. Which makes the skin itchy?
- Why diabetics are losing sense or tingling in their feet? - Numbness or tingling sensation among healthy individuals when they sit in a position for extended time. This is due to short supply in blood circulation to these areas. Similarly, diabetics with high blood sugar levels are generally short supply of nutrients to the extremities causing numbness or tingling sensation over the feet.
- Why are diabetics, Sores heals slowly? - Healing takes longer due to low nutrient supply. In addition, the immune system does not work efficiently in case of high blood sugar, because of the interactions between various hormones and enzymes. Thus, diabetics sore takes longer to heal.
- Why is diabetic loss or gain weight? - Some lose weight because of low consumption of the blood glucose due to inadequate insulin. Some with diabetes gain weight because of frequent hunger, continuous dumping of food items and unnecessary fat storage. Thus, diabetics have sudden weight loss or weight gain.