T2D Symptoms

Submitted by Thiruvelan on Wed, 06/23/2010
Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

Type 2 diabetic symptoms mostly go undiagnosed, because many of the symptoms seem harmless.

However, if you know the symptoms of diabetes, then it helps early diagnosis, timely treatment that help avoid diabetes complications.

Most of the symptoms of diabetes are same among all diabetes types such as diabetes type 1, diabetes type 2, pre-diabetes, gestational diabetes, etc. Still, there are some specific symptoms for a particular diabetes type.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes

Below are some common type 2 diabetes symptoms:

  • Frequent urination,
  • Frequent thirst,
  • Lack of energy and feeling tired,
  • Unusual too much hungry,
  • Blurred eye vision,
  • Dry and itchy skin,
  • Losing sense or tingling in feet,
  • Sore heals slowly,
  • There is an unexpected sudden weight loss or gain.

In type-2 diabetes, the symptoms start occurring more gradually. In some individuals, there are no symptoms at all, and so it often goes undiagnosed. Many type 2 diabetes patients unknowingly have this condition and consult a doctor with signs of diabetes complications, such as tingling in the feet (neuropathy) or vision loss (retinopathy). That is why diabetes screening is essential for people at diabetes risk factor.

Pre-diabetes symptoms

Symptoms of pre-diabetes are the same, as the diabetes symptoms, most notably lesser intensity, and some do not have any symptoms. Therefore, it is advisable to have diabetes testing regularly if you have a maximum diabetes risk factor.

Are you Interested to know why diabetes symptoms are developing?

What is glucose homeostasis? Human homeostasis means a stable condition throughout the body. The body is carrying out various complex interactions to keep a proper healthy range. Maintaining blood glucose within the normal range is glucose homeostasis. If there is, any disturbance to this glucose homeostasis will lead to various bodily symptoms.

  • Why are people with diabetes, pee often and in large quantities? - If the blood sugar level gets elevated and your body cells are unable to consume it. Then, these high-sugar level remains, until the kidney flush out this extra sugar in the blood as urine (pee). Therefore, people with diabetes urinate frequently and or in large quantities; urine often contains sugar, and other minerals (such as sodium, chloride, potassium, and bicarbonate).
  • Why people with diabetes have severe, frequent Thirst? - The human body needs water to keep enough blood and other fluids. However, frequent urination leads to depletion of liquid called dehydration leads to a shortage in saliva, causing dry mouth and throat. Dehydration increases the osmotic blood pressure and lowers blood volume. The kidney releases renin-angiotensin that stimulates the hypothalamus to signal thirst. Thus, people with diabetes have a frequent thirst and need to drink often.
  • Why Lack of Energy & Feeling Tired? - Inadequate insulin secretion or insulin resistance prevents the body to consume the available blood glucose. Also, kidney flushes out excess sugar along with minerals (such as sodium, chloride, potassium, and bicarbonate) from the body. These minerals are for energy that gone unutilized. This lack of glucose absorption, removal of vital minerals, and dehydration lead to lack of energy; thus, diabetic’s feel tired.
  • Why are people with diabetes having too much hungry? - In almost 40% of people, the thirst mechanism is so weak that often mistaken for hunger. Also, when you feel tired, your body signals for energy as hunger. It causes you to feel hungry.
  • Why have people with diabetes blurred vision? – Some may unknowing having diabetes feel happy to note that they do not need glasses anymore to see distant objects. Mostly these people with myopia or Shortsightedness. It is because an increase or decrease in blood-sugar level makes the eye lens and (or) corneal tissue to swell or shrink respectively, results in varying vision. Others may find their vision turns blur; based on how high the blood sugar level is. With proper treatment, if the blood sugar level returns to normal, blurred vision (or sometimes clear vision) disappears.
  • Why people with diabetes have dry and itchy skin? - Dehydration and inadequate supply of nutrients to the skin makes it lose its lust and shine. Furthermore, the dehydrated skin result is dull, flaky, rough, and dry skin. Which makes the skin itchy?
  • Why are people with diabetes losing sense or tingling in their feet? - Numbness or tingling sensation among healthy individuals when they sit in a position for an extended time. It is due to short supply in blood circulation to these areas. Similarly, people with diabetes with high blood sugar levels are generally the short supply of nutrients to the extremities causing numbness or tingling sensation in their feet.
  • Why are people with diabetes, Sores heals slowly? - Healing takes longer due to low nutrient supply. Also, the immune system does not work efficiently in case of high blood sugar because of the interactions between various hormones and enzymes. Thus, diabetics sore takes longer to heal.
  • Why is diabetic loss or gain weight? - Some lose weight because of the low consumption of blood glucose due to inadequate insulin. Some with diabetes gain weight because of frequent hunger, continuous dumping of food items, and unnecessary fat storage. Thus, people with diabetes have sudden weight loss or weight gain.