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Diabetes Neuropathy

People with diabetes may, develop nerve damage throughout the body over time called diabetic neuropathies, a set of nerve disorders caused by persistent high blood-glucose.

Diabetic Neuropathy

60 - 70 % of people with diabetes have some forms of neuropathy. Highest rates of neuropathy are among a person who has had diabetes for at least 25 years.

High blood sugar for a prolonged period can damage your nerve leading to diabetic neuropathy. Tingling or burning sensation in the arms and legs is an early sign of nerve damage; this sensation mostly occurs in the toes and feet. 
This is more common among individuals have had uncontrolled diabetes for many years and leads to various problems. If a diabetes individual, additionally having high blood pressure has more chances to get neuropathy even in short time.

Diabetic neuropathies are more common in people, who has problems controlling their blood-glucose, as well as for those who have high blood pressure and cholesterol.

Causes of Neuropathy

The causes are various for different types of diabetic neuropathy. Nerve damage is likely due to a combination of factors:

  • Metabolic factors such as diabetes, abnormal cholesterol levels, and high blood pressure.
  • Neurovascular factors - leading to damage to the blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients to nerves
  • Autoimmune factors due to prolong diabetes that causes inflammation in nerves
  • Mechanical injury to nerves, such as carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Inherited traits that increase susceptibility to nerve disease
  • Lifestyle factors, such as smoking or alcohol use

You can protect your nerves by maintain your blood glucose in control, physical more activity (or exercise most of the days in a week), taking Methylcobalamin (a B12 vitamin) supplementation (some feels it helped them), and herbal supplements (there are various herbs that can help rejuvenate your nerves).