Type 1 diabetes requires lifelong insulin treatment to lead a life and keep the blood-glucose within a target range.
Diabetes type 1 insulin treatment
Type 1 diabetes requires lifelong treatment to keep the blood glucose within the target range:
- Taking several insulin shots per day or use an insulin pump
- Regular exercising helps effective utilization of insulin as well as helps lower your risk for heart and blood vessel disease.
- Maintain a healthy body weight helps your diabetes treatment and easy to achieve target blood glucose levels.
- Healthy eating habits by distributes carbohydrate throughout the day, to prevent blood-glucose spikes.
- Monitoring blood glucose level several times a day and strive to achieve your target.
- Stop smoking can help to avoid diabetes complications and overall health.
- Stop drinking alcohol, if you are at more risk towards hypoglycemia.
Following the diabetes type-1 treatment plan helps you stay healthy, but treating diabetes is not curing it. Presently, there is no cure for diabetes, so type 1 diabetes will need treatment for the rest of life. However, with proper care, you can look and feel healthy and go on to live long, just like ordinary people.
If left untreated, type 1 diabetes is generally leading to coma, often due to ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis causes cerebral edema (liquid accumulation in the brain), which is very life-threatening. It makes ketoacidosis the most common cause of death in pediatric diabetes.
Information’s on Insulin treatment
- What is insulin - hormone a protein maintains our blood-glucose level.
- Insulin types - There are many types of insulin available, talk with your health care provider, and choose the best one suitable for your body condition.
- Insulin analog commonly available is in the table below. Mostly, you need to use more than one kind to suit your requirement.
- Insulin shot regimen - number of insulin shots per day at a particular time; your doctor will guide you in this regard.
- Insulin storage and handling - you should know, how to store and handle insulin safely for effective treatment.
- Ways to take insulin - We have to inject insulin into the muscle layer of the skin; this needs a syringe or other convenient injecting devices of your choice. Talk with a diabetes educator for your best option.
- Insulin therapy - Now start your treatment individually designed as per your needs.
- Tips to help yourself for effective insulin therapy – based on experience the diabetic educators designed simple tips for proper treatment, follow these tips for your wellbeing.
Type 1 diabetes treatment goals
The goal of diabetes type 1 treatment is to maintain your blood glucose level as close to normal as possible to postpone or prevent diabetes complications. Although there are exceptions, generally blood-glucose target is
- Fasting blood glucose level of 80 to 120 mg/dL (4.4 to 6.7 mmol/L)
- Bedtime blood-glucose level of 100 to 140 mg/dL (5.6 to 7.8 mmol/L)
- Blood-glucose level of less than 70 mg/dl (3.9 mmol/L) is considering as hypoglycemia (low blood glucose).
Oramed requests FDA for Oral Insulin drug
Israel-based Oramed announced that it had sent an application to the Food and Drug Administration for permission to enter Phase 2 trials of its oral insulin product. The company has been working on developing a means of delivering insulin orally, which would allow people with diabetes to avoid having to inject themselves with the hormone.
If the FDA gives the go-ahead, Oramed will conduct a 12-month trial at ten different locations across the United States. The test will involve 147 diabetes type 2 patients who will divide into three groups. One receiving placebo and the other two will take the Oramed drug at distinctive dosage levels.