Type 2 diabetes mostly starts in middle or old age when your body restricts to respond to insulin. Type 2 diabetes risk factors are classifying into two, they are uncontrollable type-2 diabetes risk factors and controllable type-2 diabetes risk factors.
Risk factors of type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes risk factors are classifying into two categories; they are:
- Uncontrollable type-2 diabetes risk factors are factors that are not modifiable with your efforts.
- Controllable type-2 diabetes risk factors are factors that are modifiable with your consistent effort.
Uncontrollable type-2 diabetes risk factors
The risk factors for type 2 diabetes that are not modifiable are:
- Genetic (Hereditary) – family history of diabetes; family members are having diabetes.
- Age - Your age is more than 45 years.
- Gestational diabetes - You have had gestational diabetes during your pregnancy and/or given birth baby, weighing more than nine pounds (4.082 Kgs).
- Ethnic – Asian, particularly Indian (world's largest diabetes population), Middle East, Oceania and the Caribbean, African American, Hispanic Americans, and Native Americans, all have high rates of diabetes.
- Pre-diabetes - previously has diagnosed as pre-diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome - women with PCOS are at higher risk of type 2 diabetes.
Controllable type-2 diabetes risk factors
Type 2 diabetes risk factors, which are changeable with your consistent effort, are controllable diabetes risk factors. They are:
- Sedentary life style - is with no or low physical activity.
- Unhealthy foods - when you regularly eating improper unhealthy foods.
- Overweight or obese - You can consider as obese if your BMI is 30 to 39.9 and overweight if your BMI is 40.0 and above.
- High cholesterol level and HDL (or good cholesterol) level lower than 35 mg/dl and/or triglycerides level more than 250 mg/dl.
- High blood pressure - blood pressure is at or above 140/90 mmHg.
If you are having controllable diabetes risk factors, you can avoid having diabetes by lifestyle modification with your consistent effort.
Everyone over 45 should have their blood glucose checked at least every 2 years. Moreover, be performed more often if have high diabetes risk factors either controllable or uncontrollable.
Is type 2 diabetes a hereditary condition?
If both the parents have diabetes type 2, your risk for diabetes is 45 %. If one of the parents has diabetes type 2, your risk for diabetes is 14%. If parents and grandparents have diabetes, then you are likely to develop diabetes at an early age, may be at your 20 to 25 years.
Does overweight or obese eventually develop type 2 diabetes?
Being overweight is a risk factor for diabetes; however, other risk factor combination also plays a role. Most overweight individuals never develop diabetes type 2; furthermore, many with type 2 diabetes are at their normal weight.
Sleep deprivation develop or worsen Insulin Resistance
Are you getting enough sleep? You need extra insulin on nights when you have sleep deprivation. A small study shows a worsening of insulin resistance in people who has sleep deprived. You already know that there is a role for sleep in learning, memory, and other central nervous system functions. A prospective epidemiological study show insufficient sleep may increase the risk for metabolic disturbances, including insulin resistance, obesity, and type 2 diabetes.
The cause of diabetes type 2 is insulin resistance; sleep deprivation may play a role in increasing the incidence of type 2 diabetes or worsening its control for people who already have it. If you are diabetes type 1, your insulin requirement may vary with the amount of sleep you get.
Psychological distress can increase your risk for type 2 diabetes.
A study has found people who are consistently under mental or psychological stress are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes in the future.
A large UK survey found that people with higher levels of psychological distress were 33 percent more likely to develop the metabolic condition compared to those with low distress levels.