Type 2 diabetes

Submitted by Thiruvelan on Wed, 06/23/2010
Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a condition when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or the body cells are not able to use insulin properly. If you have type-2 diabetes, glucose builds up in your blood instead of applying for energy.

What is type 2 diabetes?

It is the most common form of diabetes; people can develop type-2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. This form of diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not respond to the insulin appropriately. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by producing more insulin. In time, however, it loses the ability to secrete enough insulin in response to the glucose level in blood.

An overweight and inactive lifestyle increase the chances of developing type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes formerly called adult-onset diabetes, because previously most of the cases were adults. Now, type 2 diabetes is increasingly diagnosing among children and adolescents. Type 2 diabetes is non-insulin-dependent diabetes or NIDDM; they do not need insulin for treatment. Type 2 diabetes is due to insulin resistance, that is body resistance to insulin).

People who are obese or overweight are most likely to develop insulin resistance because many studies confirm that fat interferes with the body's ability to use insulin. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs gradually; it may take many years.

The research found type 2 diabetes is a cellular metabolism problem.

A study confirms that changes in cellular metabolism play a significant role in the development of type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes type 2 is a chronic condition with a high level of glucose in the bloodstream. Beta cells in the pancreas continually monitor glucose level in the bloodstream. When it senses any rise in blood glucose, generally after a meal, beta cells release insulin to keep glucose levels from getting too high. However, in the case of type 2 diabetes, beta cells fail in this vital function. As a result, blood glucose levels rise, causing diabetes.

Previously, obesity is considering as a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, due to a lot of fat in the system. When beta cells are exposing to high levels of fat can lead to a breakdown of their glucose transport mechanism.

In a healthy individual, beta cells take enough glucose; however, in people with type 2 diabetes, the amount of glucose transported has dropped below a certain point. Therefore, the cells do not correctly sense the glucose level, and thus, low insulin secretion leads to high blood glucose level.

Approximately 10 percent of type 2 diabetes has Autoantibodies!

If you are, the one diagnosed as type 2 diabetes, and later told to have, type 1 diabetes or LADA. You are not alone, a European study, published in Medscape Medical News; nearly 10 percent of patients with adult-onset diabetes were found to have associated with autoantibodies.

Many of those with autoimmune diabetes did not require insulin during diagnosis, although they are young and lean structure. About 90 percent of the patients with positive antibodies had GADA, and they need insulin very shortly. Everyone to undergo GAD antibodies test for people with type 2 diabetes who is not responding to the treatment or for thinner people who have diagnosed as having diabetes type 2.

Type 2 diabetes statistics

  • Among youth ages younger than ten years, the rate of new cases was 0.4 per 100,000 for type 2 diabetes.
  • Among youth ages ten years or older, the rate of new cases was 8.5 per 100,000 for type 2 diabetes.
  • Type 2 diabetes is the most common form, affecting 90 to 95 percent of all adults who has diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

Learn, what are the three primary type 2 diabetes symptoms? What are the standard type 2 diabetes symptoms? How and why type 1 diabetes symptoms are developing.

Type 2 diabetes causes and risk factors

Type 2 diabetes causes can be a defect in insulin production, insulin action, or both. Diabetes is a disease marked by high levels of blood glucose. Type 2 diabetes risk factors – some factors can increase the chances for diabetes known as diabetes risk factors. Why certain factors are diabetes risk? How do you overcome it?

Type 2 diabetes diagnosis

A blood test is useful to diagnose the high blood glucose level in case of type 2 diabetes diagnoses. The commonly used diagnosing test for blood glucose level is the random plasma glucose test, fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test, and Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).

Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

Diabetes type-2 treatment is necessary to maintain the blood glucose level, using a type 2 diabetes medications or insulin treatment to improve the efficiency of type 2 diabetes treatment. Diabetes medicines and insulin alone cannot do wonders. So you need to follow a suitable type 2 diabetes management with correct diet, physical activity, and blood glucose monitoring. Type 2 diabetes alternative treatment can improve blood sugar level. Some useful alternative therapies are herb, yoga, acupressure & reflexology.

Type 2 diabetes alternative treatment

Natural diabetes type-2 alternative medicine is not a cure for diabetes, but it can help manage type-2 diabetes better. Some of them are diabetes herbs, yoga, acupressure, and reflexology.

Type 2 diabetes complications

Type 2 diabetes complications may develop because of a poorly managed blood-glucose level. Some of the type 2 diabetes complications are a heart attack, stroke, blindness, kidney disease, loss of a toe (or foot), and erectile dysfunction. Following a proper type 2 diabetes management can help to prevent diabetes type 2 complications.