Macular degeneration is an eye condition of macula cell death (responsible for central vision), needed for reading, driving and other important tasks.
Macula - a small specialized area in the retina (the nerve layer that lines the back of the eye, senses light and creates nerve impulses that are sending through the optic nerve to the brain.) with special light sensitive cells. It helps to see fine details clearly.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) affects the macula, parts of the eye, which allows seeing clear images. It does not produce any pain, but it causes macula cell’s death. In some cases, AMD advances gradually so that people only notice a little change in their vision. In other cases, AMD progresses faster than usual and may lead to a vision loss in both eyes. Regular comprehensive eye exams can help diagnose macular degeneration before it causes vision loss. Proper treatment can help to slow down the vision loss, and it does not restore vision.
Macular degeneration makes it hard or even impossible to read or recognize faces, although the peripheral vision remains as usual, allow other activities of the daily life unaffected.