People with strabismus have several treatment options available to improve eye alignment and coordination. They include:
Strabismus treatment options
- Eyeglasses or contact lenses – suitable for accommodative esotropia
- Prism lenses
- Vision therapy
- Eye muscle surgery
Eyeglasses or Contacts lenses
Eyeglasses or contact lenses may prescribe for patients with uncorrected farsightedness. This may be the only treatment needed for some patients with accommodative esotropia. Once the farsightedness is correct, the eyes require less focusing effort and may remain straight.
Prism lenses are special lenses that have a prescription for prism power in them. The prisms alter the light entering the eye and assist in reducing the amount of turning the eye has to do to look at objects. Sometimes the prisms are able to compensate for and eliminate the eye turning.
Vision therapy is a structured eye-training program of visual activities suggested to improve eye coordination and eye focusing abilities. Vision therapy helps and trains the eyes and brain to work together more effectively. These eye exercises help remediate deficiencies in eye movement, eye focusing, eye teaming, and reinforce the eye brain coordination or connection. Treatment may include office based as well as home-based training procedures.
Strabismus surgery – eye muscle surgery
Eye muscle surgery can change the length or position of the muscles around the eye in an attempt to align the eyes. Eye muscle surgery is performing to align the eyes, so they appear straight. After surgery, a vision therapy is often requiring for effective eye coordination and to keep the eyes from revert to their previous condition of misalignment.