When the blood pressure stays higher over long time, then it may lead to many complications such as coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, and other health problems.
The high pressure on the artery wall's causes by high blood pressure can slowly damage the blood vessels, and organs in the body. The higher the blood pressure and the long term it goes undiagnosed and/or controlled, then greater the damage it can cause.
Metabolic syndrome is a set of disorders relating to body's metabolism that includes high triglycerides, low level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) or good cholesterol, high blood pressure, and high insulin levels. Having high blood pressure can increase the risk of other components of metabolic syndrome. The more components you have, the greater your chances to develop eye problem, kidney problems, heart disease or stroke.
Aneurysm - High blood pressure can cause the blood vessels to weak and bulge, causing an aneurysm. If it ruptures, then it can be life threatening.
Eye problems - Thicken, narrowing or torn blood vessels in the eyes can result in vision loss.
Coronary Artery Disease - Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a condition in which plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply your heart muscle with oxygen-rich blood.
Heart Failure - Heart failure is a condition in which your heart cannot pump enough blood to your body. Heart failure does not mean that your heart has stopped or is about to stop working. It means that your heart cannot fill-with or pump-with enough force, or both.
Stroke or Brain attack - A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to any part of the brain. A stroke can also call as "brain attack."
Kidney problems - Weaken and narrowing of blood vessels in the kidneys can prevent it from functioning normally. The kidneys play a key role in keeping a person's blood pressure in a healthy range, and blood pressure, in turn, can affect the health of the kidneys. High blood pressure, also called hypertension, can damage the kidneys and lead to chronic kidney disease (CKD).