What are the symptoms of hypertension? Learn the sign and symptoms of hypertension, why these symptoms develop, and hypertension headache link.
Studies show one in every three adults has high blood pressure, but one-third of them unknowingly having hypertension.
Therefore, you should not disregard hypertension signs when experiencing them.
12 Hypertension Symptoms
If you are having high blood pressure risk factors and experiencing two or more of high blood pressure symptoms, then you should get your blood pressure measured.
What is blood pressure homeostasis? Blood pressure homeostasis is the body’s ability to maintain constant blood pressure, regardless of internal and external influences. It has a rapid and slow mechanism, which helps to keep the blood pressure within normal limits approximately at 120/80 mmHg.
If there is any problem with the blood pressure homeostasis, causing a rise or fall in blood pressure. If blood pressure rises, then you have specific symptoms called as hypertension symptoms as said below.
- Tinnitus, lightheadedness, dizziness, and vertigo - tinnitus is an annoying sound such as ringing, hissing, whistling, or roaring heard through the ear or head. The most common causes of these sound are damage to the nerve endings in the ear. Hypertension can increase pressure against the blood vessel walls of the auditory apparatus, leads to these disturbances.
- Recurrent distended headache or head heaviness - Most headaches start when there is an increase in blood pressure that causes auto-regulation in the blood vessels of the tissue underneath the skull.
- Chest oppression or palpitations - Mostly, hypertension undergo stress or fear/fright situations. It increases adrenalin release causing rapid heartbeat, throbbing, or chest oppression.
- Nose bleeding (Epistaxis) - nose has numerous delicate blood vessels; even the slightest knock, bump, or increased blood pressure can cause it to bleed.
- Shortness of breath - anxiety is characterized by multiple and nonspecific worries that interfere with the person's life in some ways. This anxiety causes shortness of breath.
- Irritated and getting anger quickly - stress, anxiety, or anger makes the adrenal gland to produce an excess adrenaline hormone. It makes you get angry or irritated easily. Also, hypertension can cause problems with your brain, characterized by memory loss, personality changes, trouble concentration, irritability, and getting anger readily.
- Face or eye turns red - people with hypertension are getting anger/anxious quickly. This mood swing elevates blood pressure causing blushing due to the rush of blood to the head (face).
- Visual variation (Blurred or double vision) - elevated blood pressure can cause swelling of the macula (the central area of the retina) and optic nerves. It reduces the ability to see well or causes vision variation according to the blood pressure fluctuations.
- Weakness or fatigue - prolong hypertension consumes excess energy, as well as strain every blood vessel and organs that it connects. Excess pressure increases the excretion of vital minerals as urine makes you feel weak or fatigue. Aso sleep disturbance makes you feel fatigued.
- Disturbed sleep - It has a well-known fact that sleeping allows the heart to slow down. However, rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is characterizing by increased heart rate, raised blood pressure, and the body does not regulate its temperature. Most of the vivid dreams occur during this REM sleep stage. For peoples already having high blood pressure may experience a further increase in pressure causing night sweat and increased alertness, which affects the normal sleep cycle.
- Sore back and knees – due to elevated blood pressure, an excess amount of calcium has removed with urine; shortage of calcium makes your back and knees painful.
- Raised body temperature - elevated blood pressure and excess circulation may raise body temperature.
Uncontrolled hypertension for a long time might lead to hypertension complications such as coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, and kidney failure. That is why hypertension is considering as the “Silent KILLER.”
Thus, if you are experiencing many of these hypertension symptoms, then go for blood pressure diagnosis.