Endocrine reflexology therapy supports normalize glandular secretion; thus stabilizes mood, growth, metabolism, and sexual functions.
7 essential reflexes for efficient Endocrine system
The endocrine system comprises glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream. The major glands of the endocrine system are the pineal, pituitary, hypothalamus, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, pancreas, adrenal glands, and reproductive. The reproductive system of the female is ovaries and male is testes.
Hormones send a chemical signal to different organs and tissues in the body. In response to the chemical signal from the hormones, the specific organ modifies the work or structure. The endocrine plays an important role in regulates mood, growth and development, tissue role, metabolism, sexual act, and reproductive processes.
The endocrine glands are the main hormone producers. Nevertheless, non-endocrine organs also produce and release hormones; they are the brain, heart, lungs, kidneys, liver, and skin.
Hypothalamus Reflex – Pineal, Pituitary, Hypothalamus
The hypothalamus is in the lower central part of the brain; it is the main link between the endocrine and nervous systems. Major functions of the hypothalamus are preserving internal balance (homeostasis); it controls the body temperature, hunger, water balance, and sexual act. It controls the pituitary gland; either stimulates or suppresses hormonal secretions.
The pituitary is pea-sized gland; at the skull base, attached to the hypothalamus. It is the master endocrine gland; its hormone controls other endocrine glands such as thyroid, adrenal, and reproductive glands. Endorphins secreted by the pituitary; acts on the nervous system and reduces pain. Below is the set of hormones secreted by the pituitary gland:
- Human-growth hormone manages growth and regulates metabolism.
- Thyroid-stimulating hormone stimulates the thyroid gland, to secrete thyroid hormones.
- Follicle-stimulating hormone produces immature egg cells in the ovaries and produces sperm in the testis.
- Luteinizing hormone stimulates secretion of estrogen (development of sexual characteristics) and progesterone (thickening the lining of the uterus).
- Prolactin stimulates milk production.
- An adrenocorticotropic hormone secreted in the event of stress; it stimulates the secretion of glucocorticoids (cortisol) by the adrenal cortex.
- Melanocyte-stimulating hormones exact role is unknown.
- Oxytocin is also called as love hormone; it stimulates contraction of the uterus during childbirth, as well as milk production.
- Antidiuretic hormone decreases urine volume to conserve water, decreases water loss through sweating, raises blood pressure by constricting arterioles.
The pineal gland is in the middle of the brain, it produces hormone melatonin in the night. Melatonin is a derivative of serotonin and it is found throughout the body. Melatonin regulates circadian rhythm (daily bodily rhythms) of the body; is sleeping in the night (dark) and waking in the morning (light). Pineal gland is the “third eye.”
The pituitary gland and the hypothalamus reflex point are in the middle of the second phalanx of the big toe. The pineal reflex point is on the lateral side of the big toe, above the pituitary reflex point.
How to do reflexology therapy for the hypothalamus, pituitary, and pineal reflex? Support the big toe with one hand; thumb walk to reach the big toe center. Then, hook & backup the reflex point for ten seconds. It keeps the hormones in balance by regulating and controlling its activities.
Thyroid & Parathyroid reflexes
The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ at the base of the neck; it produces the thyroid hormones that control metabolism (the rate at which cells burn fuels from food). This gland requires the pituitary's help to produce thyroid hormones. The thyroid hormone regulates vital body functions; breathing, heart rate, central and peripheral nervous systems, body weight, muscle strength, menstrual cycles, body temperature, and cholesterol levels. Improper functioning thyroid affects normal protein breakdown as well as carbohydrates & vitamins usage.
Parathyroid glands contain four tiny glands attached to the thyroid glands. Parathyroid hormone regulates calcium and phosphorus levels in the blood. It supports the thyroid gland functions.
How to do reflexology therapy for the thyroid? Hold the foot with the left hand; with the right thumb-walk from the diaphragm line three or four column upward until reaching the neckline. Thumb-walk the thyroid area from lateral to medial; from the base of the big toe until reaching the diaphragm line. Thumb-walk the thyroid area from medial to lateral; from the diaphragm line until reaching the base of the big toe. Thyroid reflexology therapy helps regulate the body's energy levels and maintain body weight.
How to do reflexology therapy for the parathyroid? Hold the foot with the right hand; using the left index finger and thumb, presses the point between the big and second toe for six seconds. This reflex point is in charge of; controlling blood calcium level; regulating muscle & bone density; and nerve role.
The pancreas a narrow 6-inch long gland on the left side of the stomach is in the posterior and inferior abdominal cavity area. Pancreas is an endocrine gland, secreting the hormones insulin and glucagon. These hormones work to maintain ideal blood glucose level; thus, the body gets the needed fuel. Pancreas is also an exocrine gland; secrete enzymes to break the proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids in food.
How to do reflexology therapy for the pancreas? Pancreas reflex point is on the right foot; locate by tracing a line from the third toe below the diaphragm line. Hold the foot with one hand; push & hook-up the reflex point for 6 seconds using another thumb. This reflex point helps digestion; by secreting digestive enzymes to break fats; by secreting optimal quantity of insulin to maintain blood sugar level.
Adrenal glands are triangular shaped gland present on top of the kidney.
It's hormones help to
- Conserve sodium (mineralocorticoids),
- To increase blood glucose level (glucocorticoids – most often cortisol involved in the stress response, and help to regulate body metabolism),
- Regulate sex hormones (gonadocorticoids),
- Development of the male sex organs, and women during puberty (Adrenal androgens),
- ‘Fight or flight’ is a stress response (adrenaline or epinephrine, noradrenaline, and a small quantity of dopamine).
How to do reflexology therapy for the adrenal? The Adrenal reflexes are on top of the ureter tube reflexes. Place two thumbs over the adrenal reflexes; for ten seconds pull-apart or press & rotate. This reflex point helps; lessening pain and cope with stress.
For reproductive glands therapy, please visit reproductive system reflexology.