In type 1 diabetes, the sudden onset of symptoms are frequent urination and extreme thirst, other symptoms include unexplained weight loss, lethargy, drowsiness, and hunger.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes
- Unusually frequent and high levels of urination
- Regular unusual feeling of being very thirsty
- Extreme hunger, even after short time after food
- All time tiredness
- Lowering of muscular bulk and weight loss
- Blur vision
- Unexpected cramping
- Mental irritability or confusion
Mostly symptoms occur after a viral illness and in most cases diagnose of type-1 diabetes are after diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).
Type 1 diabetes with diabetes ketoacidosis has the following symptoms:
- Nausea or vomiting, inability to keep down fluids
- Stomach pain
- Deep, rapid breathing
- Increased pulse rate, but low strength
- Dry skin and mouth
- Flushed face
- Fruity breath odor
DKA occurs when blood glucose rises to a dangerously high level due to absence of insulin and the body unable to get nutrients into the cells. Therefore, the body starts to breaks down fat (and muscles) for their energy needs, this causes releasing of ketones in the blood and urine. If DKA is untreated in time can lead to stupor, unconsciousness, and even death.
Some type 1 diabetes has a honeymoon period, which is a brief remission of diabetes symptoms while the pancreas is still secreting some insulin. The honeymoon phase mostly occurs after starting insulin treatment; it can extend from a week to even up to a year. However, the absence of diabetes symptoms should not interpret as diabetes is gone. Slowly pancreas will lose the ability to secrete insulin, and if untreated the symptoms reappear.
Are you interested to know, how diabetes symptoms are developing.
What is glucose homeostasis? Body maintains blood glucose level within the normal range by a very complex process called as glucose homeostasis. If there is, any disturbance to this glucose homeostasis will lead to various bodily symptoms.
- Why are diabetics, pee often and in large quantities? - If the blood-sugar level get elevating continuously then the kidney start flushing out this extra sugar in blood as urine (pee). Urine often contains sugar, and other minerals (such as sodium, chloride, potassium, and bicarbonate).
- Why diabetics are having severe frequent Thirst? - Frequent urination leads to dehydration causing dry mouth and throat.
- Why Lack of Energy & Feeling Tired? - Inadequate insulin secretion prevents the body to consume the blood glucose. Additionally, kidney flushes out minerals (such as sodium, chloride, potassium, and bicarbonate) along with excess glucose from the body. Lack of glucose absorption, removal of vital minerals and dehydration leads to lack of energy.
- Why diabetics are having too much hungry? – Lack of energy in your body is signaling as hunger.
- Why diabetics are having blurred vision? – Increase in blood-sugar level makes the eye lens and (or) corneal tissue to swell, results in blur vision.
With proper treatment and if the blood-sugar level returns to normal, all diabetes symptoms vanishes.