Fenugreek diabetes can control both glucose & cholesterol levels in blood, additionally nourishes digestive system, liver and promotes respiratory health.
What is Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum)?
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) leaves and their yellow colored seeds are useful as a spice as well as medicinal herb. Fenugreek is cultivated in Nepal, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, China, Egypt, France, Spain, Turkey, and Morocco.
Fenugreek has been in use for centuries for various female conditions, brain & nervous system problems, skin, liver and metabolic disorders. It is also beneficial for respiratory and gastrointestinal problems.
Fenugreek lower sugar level
Fennugreek slows down the absorption of glucose, and other simple carbohydrates. It is due to its mucilaginous fiber content and high viscosity formation in the gut. Additionally, fenugreek shows improvement in HDL-cholesterol levels (31% increase).
Fenugreek lower heart diseases and strokes risks
Fenugreek possesses antioxidant property in the presence of glutathione and beta-carotene in their seeds. This prevents the oxidation of LDL cholesterol, thus stops inflammation of arteries as well as plaque formation. Therefore, fenugreek reduces the risk of atherosclerosis, heart diseases and stroke.
Medicinal benefits of Fenugreek
Fenugreek has been in use traditionally for the treatment of diabetes.
- Fenugreek traditionally used to promote digestion, improve appetite and to support respiratory health. The high-fiber seeds also support for healthy bowel function, and its lecithin content promotes fat metabolism. Provide relief from digestion-related conditions such as pain, cramps, intestinal gas, stomach bloating, diarrhea, and restore digestion.
- Relief chronic cough, sore throat, treats skin irritations, anemia, bad breath, respiratory infections, and mouth ulcers.
- Fenugreek helps menopausal symptoms, induces childbirth, increases milk supply in lactating women, fenugreek tea made of fenugreek leaves can relieve arthritis pain.
- Traditional Chinese Medicine (names as Hu Lu Ba) use fenugreek seeds, they consider fenugreek could warm and tonify kidneys. Swallowing 2 to 3 grams of fenugreek seeds early in the morning in an empty stomach, before brushing the teeth and having morning tea or coffee can help heal joint pains without any side effects.
Fenugreek to help reduces high blood sugar levels, your daily dosage may be between10 to 30 g defatted seed powder each day. If you are taking fenugreek as a tincture, take three to four mL dose, three times each day.
Fenugreek is commercially available in different forms as raw fenugreek seeds, defatted fenugreek seed powder, tablets, capsules, and tincture.
How do you take Fenugreek?
Take one-teaspoon fenugreek seed and add it into one cup of water, boil and steep it for 5 to 10 minutes. Remove from heat and drink with or without sweetener (Stevia). You can take fenugreek tea as a hot or cold drink.
Bioactive constituents of Fenugreek
Fenugreek seeds contain alkaloid trigonelline and protein high in lysine and L-tryptophan. Fenugreek has steroidal saponins; diosgenin, yamogenin, tigogenin, and neotigogenin. Mucilaginous fiber has beneficial effects on lowering blood-sugar-levels.
Possible side effects of Fenugreek
While Fenugreek is generally considering being safe when used moderately, there have been reports of a few minor side effects. Nausea is one common side effect, while other people have reported gastrointestinal discomfort (diarrhea and/or gas). It is not recommendable to use fenugreek during pregnancy, since it has the potential to induce labor.
Fenugreek scientific evidence in diabetes treatment
A clinical study titled “Effects of fenugreek seeds on blood glucose and serum lipids in type I diabetes” by Sharma RD, Raghuram TC, Rao NS published in Eur J Clin Nutr. 1990 Apr;44(4):301-6. The study shows fenugreek diet significantly reduces fasting blood sugar and improves the glucose tolerance test. There was a 54 per cent reduction in 24-h urinary glucose excretion. It significantly reduces serum total cholesterol, LDL & VLDL cholesterol and triglycerides. These results indicate the usefulness of fenugreek seeds in the management of diabetes as well as high cholesterol.
A clinical study titled “Effect of Trigonella foenum-graecum (fenugreek) seeds on glycaemic control and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus” by Gupta A, Gupta R, Lal B published in J Assoc Physicians India. 2001 Nov; 49:1057-61. The study shows adjunct use of fenugreek seeds improves glycemic control and decreases insulin resistance in mild type-2 diabetic patients. There is also a favorable effect on hypertriglyceridemia.